Porterfield Professor of Bioethics & Professor of Philosophy
University of Virginia

BORN:    August 25, 1945, San Mateo, CA


Porterfield Professor of Bioethics and Professor of Philosophy, University of Virginia.

Member, Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues
Fellow, The Hastings Center, Garrison, New York.  (Former Chair of Fellows Council, ex officio Board member)
Director, Undergraduate Program in Bioethics, UVA

University of San Francisco, B.A. (Philosophy/French), 1963-67
Institute of European Studies and University of Paris (Sorbonne), 1965-66 (Philosophy & French literature: seminars with Ricoeur, Alquié, Birault, A. Adam, et al.)
Northwestern University, Ph.D. (Philosophy), 1967-72 (University and NDEA Fellow)

Peace Corps Volunteer, Sierra Leone, Africa, 1969
Assistant and Associate Professor of Philosophy, University of Redlands, Redlands, CA, 1971-81 (Tenure Awarded, 1977)
Visiting Associate Professor of Philosophy, SUNY—College at Purchase, 1980-82
Visiting Professor of Philosophy, Wesleyan University (CT), Spring 1987
Associate Professor, Division of Bioethics & Health Policy, Albert Einstein College of Medicine–Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY 1981-1995
Adjunct Associate Professor, Barnard College, Columbia University, 1982-1995

Bioethics (specialization)
Ethical Theory
Philosophy of Law
Political and Social Philosophy
19th and 20th Century European Philosophy

Introduction to Bioethics (Phil 252), 60 students
Life and Death (Phil 154): 120-200 students
Justice and Health Care (Phil 365/565)
Ethics of Research with Human Subjects (Phil 358/558)
Bioethics and Law (with R. Bonnie at UVa Law School), 60 students
Death and the Law (with R. Bonnie at Law School), 20 students
Reproductive Ethics (also taught as a 500-level seminar)
Methods of Bioethics (500-level seminar for advanced undergrads), 20 students
Global Justice, Health, and Human Rights (504 seminar), 15 students
Public Health Law & Ethics (with Bonnie, Childress, Gaare-Bernheim and Lombardo at Law School), 30 students


Virginia State Council of Higher Education, Outstanding Faculty Award, 2006.
UVA Alumni Association Distinguished Professor 2004-05
NEH Postdoctoral Fellow, The Hastings Center, 1979-80
Outstanding Faculty Award, University of Redlands (CA), 1975
NEH Postdoctoral Fellow, School of Law, University of California at Berkeley, 1973-74

National Ethics Committee, March of Dimes, White Plains, NY (2008–)
Fellow, The Hastings Center, Garrison, New York (Chair of Fellows’ Council, 1998-2005; ex officio member of Hastings Center Board of Directors)
American Philosophical Association, Eastern Division (Section on Philosophy and Medicine, 1998-2001)
Ethics Working Group, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, Atlanta, 1997-2000, 2004—  Currently addressing justice in vaccine distribution, preparedness for avian flu pandemic, the ethics of emergency planning and intervention, and the social determinants of health)
Occasional consultant, Dept. of Clinical Bioethics, National Institutes of Health (1998—)
Consultant to National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) on their internal infrastructure and the conduct of their AIDS clinical trials in the developing world (2005-2006).
Member, Data Safety and Monitoring Board, Immune Tolerance Network, NIH (2000-2004)
American Society for Bioethics and Humanities  (At large Board Member, 1998-2001)
Advisory Board, Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics (2000—)
Editorial Board, Bioethics (Blackwell Publishers) 2000—
New York State Task Force on Life and the Law, 1987-1995 (A 25 member commission established by then Gov. Cuomo to investigate ethical problems in medicine and recommend appropriate legislation.  During my eight years on the Task Force, I played an active role in the drafting of published reports and recommendations on advance directives, making health care decisions for incompetent patients, surrogate motherhood, organ transplantation, and access to health care.)
Consultant, Task Force on ICU Resources, American Thoracic Society, 1993-95.
Committee on “Social and Ethical Impact of Advances in Biomedicine,” Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, 1992–1994.  (Evaluation of current social responses–e.g., ethics commissions, professional societies, grassroots ethics movements–to ethical challenges of biomedicine.)
Consultant, National Human Subjects Protections Review Panel, AIDS Program Advisory Committee, National Institutes of Health, 1992. (Concerning protection of human subjects in parallel track investigational new drug initiatives)
Occasional Lecturer, CUNY Medical School, New York City (several lectures per year)
Consultant, AIDS Unit, Cornell–New York Hospital, 2/92–5/92
Occasional Reviewer, National Endowment for the Humanities.
Advisory Committee, Section on Ethics and Law, V International Conference on AIDS, Montreal 1989.

Faculty adviser, Undergraduate Bioethics Society, 1996-
Faculty Fellow, Brown College, 2008–
Minority student mentoring program, 1999-2008
Member & chair, Page-Barbour Lecture Committee, 2001-2004
Seminar leader, Jefferson Scholars selection week, Spring 2008
Graduate Selection Committee, Jefferson Scholars Foundation, 2004-
Institutional Ethics Committee, UVa School of Medicine, 1996-99
Faculty Fellow, Hereford College, 1998-2001
President’s Advisory Committee on Women’s Concerns (Fall 1997-98)
Chair, Internal Review Committee on Department of Sociology, 1997.


Ethical and Regulatory Aspects of Human Subjects Research, ed. with, E. Emanuel, C. Grady, J. Moreno, & R. Crouch, 2nd ed. (Johns Hopkins University Press, in preparation).

“Ethical Guidance for Public Health Emergency Preparedness Planning and Response” (with Bruce Jennings, Yale University).  A 150 pp. white paper prepared for Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (forthcoming MMWR, 2009).

“The Hedgehog and the Borg: Common Morality in Bioethics,” forthcoming in Theoretical Medicine, Winter-Spring 2009)

“Ethical Theory in Bioethics” (Commissioned by Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, in progress)

“Bioethics and Human Rights: Curb Your Enthusiasm” (with Elizabeth Fenton, forthcoming in two issues of Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, 2009)

Co-editor, Ethical Issues in Modern Medicine, 7th ed. (McGraw-Hill Publishers, 2008)

“The Jewish Chronic Disease Hospital Case: A Tragedy in Research Ethics,” in E. Emanuel, ed., Oxford Textbook of Research Ethics (2008).

“Reflective Equilibrium in Bioethics,” in B. Steinbock, ed., Oxford Handbook of Bioethics (2007).

“Rationing Vaccine During An Avian Influenza Pandemic:  Why It Won’t Be Easy,” Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine (Spring 2006).

“The Family Health Care Decisions Act,” NY State Bar Assoc. Health Law Journal, vol. 10, no. 3 (Summer 1995): 24-36.

“Rorty’s Pragmatism and Bioethics,” Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, vol. 28, nos. 5-6 (Fall 2003): 597-613.

Ethical and Regulatory Aspects of Human Subjects Research, ed. with, E. Emanuel, C. Grady, J. Moreno, & R. Crouch (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003).

Co-editor, Ethical Issues in Modern Medicine, 6th ed. (McGraw-Hill Publishers, 2002)

“The Owl and the Caduceus: Does Bioethics Need Philosophy?”, in F.G. Miller et al., eds. The Nature and Prospect of Bioethics (Humana Press, 2003), 1-42.

“Reproductive Ethics,” in R.G. Frey & C. Wellman, eds., Blackwell Companion to Practical Ethics (Blackwell Publishing, 2003), 342-55.

“Pragmatism and Bioethics: Been There, Done That,” Journal of Social Philosophy & Policy 19:2 (Summer 2002): 29-58

“Freestanding Pragmatism in Law and Bioethics,” Theoretical Medicine 22:2 (2001): 69-85.

“A Method in Search of a Purpose: The Internal Morality of Medicine,” Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26:6 (2001): 643-662.

“Slippery Slope Arguments” and “Narrative Ethics,” Encyclopedia of Ethics, 2nd ed., 2001.

“A Case-Based Approach to Moral Reasoning,” in Peter Singer, ed., The Blackwell Companion to Bioethics (Oxford: Blackwell,1998)

“AZT Trials and Tribulations,” (with Robert Crouch), Hastings Center Report,  November-December 1998; 28(6): 26-34.

“Nice Story, But So What?:  Narrative and Justification in Ethics,” in H. Nelson, ed., Stories and Their Limits: Narrative Approaches to Bioethics (NY: Routledge, 1997).

“Physician-Assisted Suicide: A Tragic View,” Journal of Contemporary Health Law and Policy 13 (1997): 361-389.

“Reproductive Responsibility and Long-Term Contraceptives” (with Jeffrey Blustein), in E.H. Moskowitz and B. Jennings, eds., Controversial Contraception:  Moral and Policy Challenges of Long-Acting Birth Control, Georgetown University Press, 108-133.

“Criteria of Success for Ethics Commissions,” primary author of chapter 5 of Institute of Medicine study, Society’s Choices:  Social and Ethical Decision Making in Biomedicine.  National Academy Press:  Washington, DC, 1995, pp. 150-167.

Editor, Bringing the Hospital Home: Ethical and Social Implications of High Tech Home Care, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995.

“Getting Down to Cases:  The Revival of Casuistry in Bioethics,” Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, Vol. 16, No. 1 (1991), 29-51.

“AIDS and Reproductive Decisions: Having Children in Fear and Trembling,” Milbank Quarterly, Vol. 68, No. 3 (1990), 353-382.

“Non-Compliance in AIDS Research,” Hastings Center Report, Vol. 20, No. 5 (Sept/Oct, 1990), pp. 24-32.

“Conflicting Interests in Long-Term Care:  Acknowledging, Dissolving and Resolving Conflicts among Elders and Families,” L. McCullough and N. Wilson, eds., Long-Term Care Decisions: Ethical and Conceptual Dimensions, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995, 197-217.

“Principles and Particularity: the Roles of Cases in Bioethics,” Indiana Law Journal, vol. 69, no. 4 (Fall 1994), 983-1014.  Symposium issue on “Emerging Paradigms in Bioethics.”

“Taking Duties Seriously?  The Place of Duties in a Rights Culture,” in Campbell and Lustig, eds., Duties to Others (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1994), 3-17.

Review of B. Kogen, ed., A Time to Live and a Time to Die, in Ethics, April 1994.

“Ethical Issues In Emergency Care,” Clinics In Geriatric Medicine, Vol. 9, No. 3 (1993), 655-664.

“Hospital Ethics Committees as Decision Makers,” in Bioethics Committees and Alternative Dispute Resolution, PRIM&R, 1992.

“Beyond Cruzan: Individual Rights, Family Autonomy and the Persistent Vegetative State,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 39, no. 10 (October l99l), 1018-1024.

“Getting Down to Cases:  The Revival of Casuistry in Bioethics,” Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, Vol. 16, No. 1 (1991), 29-51.

“AIDS and Reproductive Decisions: Having Children in Fear and Trembling,” Milbank Quarterly, Vol. 68, No. 3 (1990), 353-382.

“Non-Compliance in AIDS Research,” Hastings Center Report, Vol. 20, No. 5 (September/October, 1990), pp. 24-32.

“Common Law Morality” (review of A. Jonsen and S. Toulmin, The Abuse of Casuistry), in Hastings Center Report, Vol. 20, No. 4 (July/August, 1990), 35-37.

“Ethical Issues in the Use of Anencephalic Infants as Organ Donors” (with Shlomo Shinnar), Neurological Clinics, Vol. 7, No. 4 (November 1989), 729 43.

Ethical Issues in Modern Medicine, 3rd edition, Co editor, Nancy K. Rhoden, JD, Mayfield Publishing Company, January 1989.

“The Severely Demented, Minimally Functional Patient: An Ethical Analysis,”   Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Vol. 36 (October 1988), 938 44.

“The Fragile Web of Responsibility:  AIDS and the Duty to Treat,” Hastings Center Report, Vol. 18, No. 2, Supplement (April   May, 1988), 10 20.

“The Anencephalic Newborn As Organ Donor,” Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 259 (April 15, 1988), 2284   85.

Review of H.T. Engelhardt, Jr., The Foundations of Bioethics (Oxford University Press, 1986).  Philosophy and Medicine Newsletter, 1988, 3   7.

“Two Cheers for Mercy Killing” (Review essay of The Right to Die by D. Humphry & A. Wickett and The End of Life: Euthanasia and Morality by J. Rachels), in Medical Humanities Review, Vol. 2, No. 1 (Jan. 1988), 73 81.

Co-author, “Report of the Hastings Center Project on Imperiled Newborns,” Hastings Center Report, Vol. 17, No. 6 (Dec. 1987), 5 32.

“Teaching Medical Ethics in Perinatology,” (with Alan R. Fleischman, M.D.), Clinics in Perinatology, 1987.

“Quality of Life in Neonatal Ethics:  Beyond Denial and Evasion,” in William Weil and Martin Benjamin, eds., Ethical Issues at the Outset of Life.  Boston: Blackwell Scientific Publications, 1987, 151 186.

“A Proposal for Cadaver Organ Procurement:  Routine Removal with Right of Informed Refusal,” (with Arthur Matas, MD and James Muyskens), Journal of Health Policy, Politics, and Law (Summer 1985), 231 44.

“Ethical Principles for the Care of Imperiled Newborns:  Towards an Ethics of Ambiguity,” in Thomas Murray and Arthur Caplan, eds., Which Babies Shall Live: Humanistic Dimensions of the Care of Imperiled Newborns.  Clifton, NJ:  Humana Publishing Co., 1985, 83 135.

“Counseling Patients to Counsel Physicians:  An Assessment of Directives for Future Care,” (with Lawrence Schneiderman, M.D.)  Annals of Internal Medicine, (May 1985) 693 98.

“Withholding Treatment from Baby Doe: From Discrimination to Child Abuse,” (with Nancy K. Rhoden, J.D.), Milbank Memorial Quarterly, (Winter 1985) 18 51.

“Commissioning Morality,” An Introduction to Special Issue of the Cardozo Law Review, which I edited, devoted to the President’s Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine, (Winter 1984), 223 41.

“Retreat from the Right to Health Care:  The President’s Commission Report on Access to Health Care,” Cardozo Law Review (Winter 1985), 321 45.

“On the Care of Imperiled Newborns:  Toward an Ethics of Ambiguity,” Hastings Center Report (April 1984), 25 33.

“Utility, Natural Rights, and the Right to Health Care,” in Humber and Almeder, eds., Bioethics Reviews: 1984.  Clifton, NJ:  Humana Pub. Col., 1984, 23 45.

Ethical Issues in Modern Medicine, 2nd Edition.  Palo Alto, CA:  Mayfield Publishing Company, 1983.

“The Right to Die on the Slippery Slope,” Social Theory and Practice 8 (Fall 1982), 285 328.

“In Defense of Clinical Bioethics,” Journal of Medical Ethics  8 (Fall 1982), 122 27.

“Cases and Commentaries:  Criminal Justice versus Therapy,” Journal of Prison Health 2 (Spring/Summer 1982), 15 21.

“Health Care Vouchers and the Rhetoric of Equity,” Hastings Center Report 11 (August 1981), 29 39.  Reprinted as “The Neoconservative Health Strategy: Let Them Eat Vouchers,” in Bayer, Caplan & Daniels, eds., In Search of Equity: Health Needs and the Health Care System.  Plenum, 1982.

Review of E. Richard Brown, Rockefeller Medicine Men:  Medicine and Capitalism in America.  (Berkeley:  Univ. of California Press, 1979) in The Hastings Center Report 10 (June 1980), 41 43.

“Art, Truth and Aesthetics in Nietzsche’s Philosophy of Power,” Nietzsche Studien 9 (Spring 1980), 239 59.  Reprinted and translated in Carlos Sanabria, ed., Estética: Miradas Contemporáeas (Universidad de Bogotá), 2004).

“Medical Individualism and the Right to Health Care,” (with Andrew Jameton) in Ronald Munson, ed., Intervention and Reflection: Basic Issues in Medical Ethics.  Belmont, CA:  Wadsworth, 1979. 462 73.

Ethical Issues in Modern Medicine (ed. with Robert Hunt).  Mayfield Publishing Company, 1977.

“A Critique of Sartrian Authenticity,” The Personalist (Spring 1976), 171 80.

Review of William McBride, Fundamental Change in Law and Society:  Hart and Sartre on Revolution (Mouton Publishing Company) in Man and World 7 (1974), 192 99.

A Critique of Existentialist Ethics (Dissertation, Northwestern University, 1972).  Adviser, Professor Henry B. Veatch.

ADDRESSES, LECTURES and WORKSHOPS: (abbreviated list)

“Research Ethics in the Context of Public Health Emergencies,” Plenary Lecture, First International Congress on Bioethics, Autonomous University of the State of Mexico, Toluca, Mexico, June 2-6, 2008.

Sims Memorial Lecture, “Human rights: A lingua franca for global bioethics?”, Indiana University, April 3-4, 2008.

“Ethical Issues in Chronic, Long-Term Home Care,” Mt. Sinai Medical School, New York City, January 18, 2008.

Pfizer Pharmaceuticals, consultation on capacity building and ethical conduct of research in the developing world, New York City, January 23, 2008.

“Bioethics and Human Rights: Curb Your Enthusiasm,” panel chair and presenter, American Society for Bioethics and Medical Humanities, Denver, October 2006

“Rationing Ethically During a Pandemic of Avian Flu,” Yale University Conference on the Ethics of Pandemic Influenza, New Haven, May 17, 2005.  Also given at Washington & Lee University, April 2007.

“Global Justice, Human Rights, and Access to AIDS Drugs: The Case of South Africa,” Dean Parks Colloquium, Christopher Newport University, March 17, 2005.

“The Way We Reason Now:  Method in Bioethics” and “Distributive Justice in International Research,” Yale University, Jan 22, 2003.

“The Disability Rights Critique of Genetic Screening,” Pediatric Grand Rounds, UVA Medical School, March 20, 2003.

“Some Doubts about Human Rights as a Language for Global Health Ethics,” Colloquium on Global Health and Human Rights, UVA.  (Invited participants from Harvard Center on Human Rights and the World Health Organization, Geneva), March 31/April 1, 2003.

“The Problem of Post-Trial Access in International Research,” Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, April 14, 2003.

“Basic Health Care:  An Undue Inducement in International Drug Trials?”, American Society of Bioethics and Humanities, Baltimore, October 2002; and Bioethics Center, University of Toronto, November 22, 2002.

“Liberal Egalitarianism, Justice, and the Genome Project,” Symposium on Justice & the Genome Project, Brown University, February 7, 2001.

“Pragmatism in Bioethics:  Been There, Done That,” symposium on bioethics, Bowling Green State University, April 20-22, 2001.

“Multiculturalism and the Physician-Patient Relationship,” lecture for national conference on “Urban Bioethics,” New York Academy of Medicine, Dec. 3-4, ’99.

“The Search for an Ethics of Public Health,” Hastings Center Fellows Meeting, October, 1999.

“Baby Doe Redux,” plenary address at first annual meeting, American Society for Bioethics and Humanities, Houston, Texas, November 21, 1998.  Plenary session devoted to recent cases and old dilemmas in the care of extremely premature infants.

Jameson Visiting Lecturer, University of Redlands, Redlands, CA, January 8, 1997.

Ethics for Ophthalmologists, 2 day seminar, Washington, DC, March 22-23. 1997.

Led daylong workshop on Ethics and Managed Care, Evanston Hospital, Evanston, IL, May 21, 1997.

Taught week-long intensive graduate seminar on Methods of Bioethics, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, June 23-27, 1997.

Narrative Ethics, keynote address to conference on Dying In America, sponsored by regional (North Carolina) network of bioethics committees, Charlotte, NC, July 28, 1997.

“Bringing the Hospital Home:  Ethical and Social Dimensions of Hi-Tech Home Care,” plenary address to conference on Ethics and Long-Term Care, Carrillion Health System, Roanoke, VA, October 10, 1997.

“Nice Story, But So What?  Narrative Ethics and Moral Justification,” plenary address to Society for Health and Human Values, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, April 12, 1996.

“The Ethics and Policy of Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia,” keynote address, conference on Ethics and the Professions, Washington and Lee University, May 17, 1996.  Versions of this paper also delivered at the School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, May 29; Department of Philosophy, University of Richmond, Jan. 23, 1997; Response to Timothy Quill, Medical Center Hour, October 30, UVA School of Medicine.

Plenary lecture and seminar leader, week-long seminar on Narrative Ethics, for college and university faculty, sponsored by Association for Professional and Practical Ethics, July 1996, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana.

“Rationing Experimental Treatments within Managed Care Organizations,” plenary lecture, American Association of Bioethics, San Francisco, November 21, 1996.
“On the Slippery Slope in the Empire State: The New York State Task Force on Physician-Assisted Suicide,” invited paper to the American Philosophical Association meeting, New York City, December 29, 1995.

“‘Don’t Leave Home, Period!’:  AIDS, TB, and the Ethics of Quarantine,” American Philosophical Association, Eastern Division, Boston, December 28, 1994.

Guest Faculty, Summer Seminar in Health Care Ethics, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, August 8-13, 1994.

“A National Bioethics Commission:  Do We Really Need One Now?” Conference on Bioethics and Health Policy, Sponsored by Universities of Pennsylvania and Minnesota, Washington, DC, May 24, 1994.

“(Modified) Presumed Consent to Organ Donation: A Modest Proposal,” New York City Bar Association symposium on transplantation, February 10, 1994.

“When the Best Isn’t Good Enough:  Critical Reflections on a Recent Proposal for Assisted Suicide,” address to Metropolitan Ethics Committee Network, New York City, February 17, 1993.

“Justice and Human Experimentation: Beyond the Belmont Report,” conference on ethics of biomedical research, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, February 28, 1993.

“Conflicting Interests in Long Term Care,” prepared for conference on “Conceptual Dimensions of Long-Term Care Decision Making,” Huffington Center on Aging, Baylor University School of Medicine, Houston, Texas, April 2-4, 1993.  A version of this lecture was also presented at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, April 15, 1993.

“Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia:  Good Cases Don’t Make Good Law,” Sarah Lawrence College, April 8, 1993.

“Multiple Drug Resistant TB, Public Health and Civil Liberties:  A Case Study,” Grand Rounds, University of Maryland Medical Center, April 16, 1993.

“Principles and Particularity: Cases in Bioethics,” address to symposium on “Emerging Paradigms in Bioethics,” School of Law & the Poynter Center, Indiana University, April 22, 1993.

“Advance Directives:  History and Some Current Philosophical Problems,” New York City Bar Association, October 20, 1993.

Visiting Scholar, Albert Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia, November 2-4, 1993.

David Barap Brin Visiting Professor in Medical Ethics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, December 8-10, 1993.

“Pregnant, Drug-Abusing Women:  Ethics and Policy,” Grand Rounds, Boston Children’s Hospital  (Sponsored by Division of Medical Ethics, Harvard Medical School), February 5, 1992.

“Pregnant, Drug-Abusing Women: The Limits of Privacy,” Nancy Rhoden Memorial Lecture, Department of Philosophy, Oberlin College, March 5, 1992.

“Hospital Ethics Committees as Decision Makers,” Bioethics Center, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, March 6, 1992.  (Also delivered at Conference on Bioethics Committees and Alternative Dispute Resolution, PRIM&R, Boston, September 30, 1991.)

“Stories and Theories in Ethics,” keynote address and one-week seminar for professors and health care professionals within workshop on “Ethics: Practice & Teaching,” sponsored by Hastings Center, et al., Colorado College, July 26-31, 1992.

“Just When We Thought It Was Safe to Make Surrogate Decisions:  Two Critiques of the Consensus,” address to American Public Health Association, Washington, DC, November 11, 1992.

“Fear and Loathing in the Doctor-Patient Relationship: Screening Doctors for AIDS,” Hobart and William Smith Colleges, Geneva, New York, November 5, l991.

“Moral Compromise and Public Policy: The New York State Task Force Experience,” Bioethics Center, McGill University, August 6, l991 and Hastings Center Fellows Meeting, June l5, l991

Fellow, Aspen Institute seminar on “Justice and Society,” Aspen, Colorado, July l3-20, l991.

“Beyond Cruzan: How not to think about persistently vegetative patients,” Hampton-Sydney College, Virginia, March 7, l991.

“Rationing Health Care in Oregon,” Davenport College, Yale University, December 3, l990.

“Casuistry vs. Applied Ethics,” Department of Philosophy, Cleveland State University, June 25, 1990

“Ethics at the Edges of Life” – A Two Week Seminar for Faculty from Six Private Colleges in Virginia, sponsored by Mellon Faculty Development Program, College of William & Mary, June 1990.

“The Case, Such As It Is, for Directive Counseling, ”  National Academy of Sciences–Institute of Medicine conference on Prenatal and Newborn Screening for HIV Infection,” May 14, 1990.

“Women and AIDS: Ethical Issues,” Department of Biology, Princeton University, April 4, 1990.  Also delivered at Greater Philadelphia Philosophy Consortium, November l990; Wesleyan University, October 31, l990

“Visiting Professor,” Center for Bioethics, University of Pittsburgh, March 26-27, 1990

“The Ethics of Decision-Making for Extremely Low Birthweight Infants” and “What’s Wrong with In Vitro Fertilization?,” Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, December 12-13, 1990.

“Physicians, AIDS and Risk,” Society for Philosophy & Public Affairs, New York City, October 23, 1989.

“HIV Infection and Reproductive Decisions:  An Ethical Analysis,” V International Conference on AIDS, Montreal, June 6, 1989.

“AIDS: Ethical Issues in Treatment and Clinical Research, “Department of Biology, Princeton University, March 2, 1989.

“A Critique of Casuistry as Moral Methodology,” Society for Health and Human Values, Chicago, November 12, 1988.

Case Presentation (“When Parents Demand Too Much”) Pediatric Grand Rounds, Massachusetts General Hospital / Harvard Medical School, Boston,  November 8, 1988.

“The Severely Premature Infant: Ethics at the Margin of Viability, “Plous Memorial Lecture, Mount Sinai Medical Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, September 14, 1988.

“Ethical Issues in Long Term Care,” Keynote address at Conference on Ethics and Long Term Care, University of North Carolina School of Social Work, Chapel Hill, NC, May 18, 1988.

Half day workshop on Pediatric Ethics Committees, American Pediatrics Association/Society for Pediatric Research, Washington, DC, May 4, 1988.

“AIDS, Confidentiality and the Duty to Warn,” Conference on “AIDS, Ethics & Social Policy,” SUNY College at Purchase, April 27, 1988.

“The Ethical Challenge of High Technology Medicine: Coming to Terms with Quality of Life,” University of Redlands GTE Foundation Lectureship on “Living & Dying in the 21st Century,” Redlands, CA, January 20, 1988.

“Surrogate Motherhood in the Liberal State,” Panel on New Reproductive Technologies, American Public Health Association, New Orleans, October 20, 1987.

Consultant to American Geriatrics Society Meeting on the Ethical Relevance of Age in Geriatrics and Neonatal Care, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, April 17 18, 1987.

The Obligations of Health Care Providers in Time of Plague, “Address Delivered at Conference I organized on “AIDS: Humanistic Perspectives,” New York City, February 26, 1987.  Also delivered at Conference on AIDS sponsored by Maine Humanities Council, Augusta, Maine, May 8, 1987.

“DNR Orders,” “Forgoing Food & Fluids,” “AIDS: the Duty to Treat, “Lectures Delivered at Kennebec Valley Hospital, Augusta, Maine, September 26, 1986.

“Methodology in Bioethics,” Conference on “Bioethics as an Intellectual Field,” Institute for Medical Humanities, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, May 23, 1986.

“In Vitro Fertilization:  When Does ‘Personhood’ Begin?” Address at Yale University School of Medicine, March 25, 1986.

“Defining Death in New York: A Critique of the Governor’s Task Force,” Address at Symposium on the New York State Task Force on Life and the Law, Cardozo Law School, January 30, 1986.

“AIDS: The Ethics of Disclosure,” Symposium on AIDS, New York University Medical School, January 29, 1986.

“Intergenerational Justice in an Aging Society” and “Gene Splicing Therapies:  Some Ethical Issues,” Symposium on Biomedical Ethics, Department of Biology, Yale University, December 11 12, 1985.

“Ethical Problems in Perinatology,” conference on Fetal Growth and Development, Sponsored by Greater New York Chapter of the March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, New York City, November 25, 1985.

“Governmental Threats to the Physician Patient Relationship:  The Case for Conscientious Objection and Evasion,” and “How to Get from the Right to Die to the Duty to Die  and Back Again,” papers delivered at meeting of the American Public Health Association,
Washington, D.C., November 20, 1985.

“Blowing the Whistle on Medical Mistakes,” Address to Students and Faculty of Center for Health Sciences, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York, April 5, 1985.

Moderator and Panelist, “Technology and Its Impact on Abortion Availability and Policy,” a Symposium Sponsored by the National Council of Jewish Women, November 30, 1984, New York City.

Faculty (with Barbara Mishkin, J.D.), Workshop on Ethical and Legal Issues in Hospice Care, National Hospice Organization Annual Meeting, Hartford, CT, November 11, 1984.

“Bioethics in the 1980’s,” a Two Day Retreat for Medical Administrators and Trustees of the Kennebec Valley Medical Center, Rockport, Maine, January 13 14, 1984.

Panel Discussion on Adoption, Artificial Insemination and Surrogate Mothering, New York City Bar Association, October 13, 1983.

“Decisionmaking for the Incompetent Elderly Patient,” National Society of Patient Representatives, Dallas, Texas, October 21 22, 1983.

“Ethics and Science.”  A Two Week Seminar for Faculty from Six Private Colleges in Virginia.  Held at the University of Richmond; Funded by the Mellon Foundation, June 1983.

“Ethical Issues in the Care of Imperiled Newborns.”  Delivered at Hastings Center Montefiore Conference, “Which Babies Shall Live?”, New York City, April 6, 1983.  (A version of this paper also delivered at the Forum of Contemporary Thought, St. Lawrence University, Canton, N.Y., April 28, 1983.)

“Individual Rights and the Limitations of Liberal Theory,” Symposium on “Health Route of the Homeless: Hospital, Street and Jail,” American Public Health Association Annual Meeting,
November 15, 1982, Montreal, Canada.

“The Right to Die on the Slippery Slope,” Philosophy Department, Graduate Center, City University of New York, December 1981.

“The Consumer Choice Health Plan and the Poor:  Let Them Eat Vouchers,” Columbia University School of Public Health, March 1981.

“The Role of the Emotions in the Moral Life,” panelist on Charlottesville Public Television debate, Dec. 17, 2001.

“Why in the World,” interviewed by Jeff Greenfield, WNET/13 (PBS New York), A Half Hour Public Affairs Program, November 5, 1984 and April 1983.

Participant in T.V. Documentary “An Ounce of Prevention…” (PBS Study of Access to Health Care), September 1984.

“The Ethics of Affirmative Action:  The Bakke Case, a Half Hour Program for KNBC TV, Los Angeles, May 1978.

Numerous interviews for the media, including: New York Times, Washington Post, Newsweek, New York Daily News, National Public Radio’s “All Things Considered” and “Morning Edition,” the BBC, Canadian Broadcasting Company, NBC Nightly News, The Village Voice, New York Magazine and various medical hospital trade magazines.

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