Tasks for Class Time:
- Create an ArcGIS Online Account following this link or instructions below (2 minutes)
- Listen to “Aiding and A-vetting” podcast (link below). (45 minutes)
- Go over the table “General patterns in the evolution of infectious disease” (5-10 minutes)
- Review reading Comp Questions if you haven’t already. Post response (below) or exit ticket (collab) to reading discussion questions and/or comment on the ‘evolution of infectious disease’ table. (18 minutes)
1. Create an ArcGIS Online Account
You’ll use this account on Thursday for the nineteenth-century disease and quarantine activity. Anyone affiliated with the University can use the University’s enterprise ArcGIS Online site for creating and hosting data, maps, applications, and more.
- Go to this page: https://uvalibrary.maps.arcgis.com/home/signin.html
- Click University Of Virginia
- Login through Netbadge
That’s it! By logging in through Netbadge, your account has been created.
2. Listen to the podcast below!
You’ll hear a brief review of Thomas’s zooarch of animal care and then they discuss archaeological evidence for some of the earliest veterinarians in Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt.
3. Read carefully through the chart below.
4. Reading Questions
“The role of rodents in the disease ecology of the Roman city.” Emily Holt and Susan Palazzo, 2013
- Which types of disease could have been spread by rodents and which had other vectors?
- What special processes are necessary for recovering rodent bones archaeologically and what methods were used to recover 1508 rodent bones (and 43 minimum number of individuals, meaning they have a sample of at least 43 individual rodents)?
- What are some of the limitations in identifying/analyzing rodent bones?
- What are the differences between house mice and wood mice (wild mice)?
- How does seasonality influence the potential for rodents spreading disease in urban settings?
BONUS: Check out this short blog entry by a zooarchaeologist to see different rodent bones: Bones That Look Like Other Bones: Rodent Week Edition
“Towards a Zooarchaeology of Animal “Care.”” Richard Thomas, 2016
- Explain what Thomas means here: “Understanding spatial, temporal and social variation in attitudes towards animal “care” is an important line of enquiry, because it provides a powerful metonym for the contingent and changing human perceptions of animals, which in turn reflects upon how people perceived themselves as part of the experienced world” (pp. 170).
- What are the challenges to studying paleopathology in animals? And why are pathologies often overlooked in faunal remains?
- Which of the 5 “freedoms from” can be determined directly from animal bones? Which might be determine from circumstantial archaeological evidence? Which are near impossible to determine archaeologically?
- How does Thomas differentiate between identifying the archaeology of abuse and archaeology therapeutic intervention?
Respond to one of the following questions below by 9:00 PM tonight (Tuesday)! Remember to press the “reply” button if someone has already responded.
- Why focus a whole day on the archaeology of animals in a class on the archaeology of health and disease?
- As archaeology students studying health and disease, explain the importance of understanding vectors and disease ecology. Click me and read if you’re unsure what exactly disease ecology means!
- Compare the archaeological study of the care of animals to the study of care of humans. How are they different and how are they similar?
- After looking at the table above, what patterns do you notice in the evolution of infectious disease? And what kind of specific data or archaeological sites have we already explored that can be associated with the 8 archaeological contexts listed?